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An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone defined by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) over which a state has rights regarding the exploration of marine resources, including energy production. It stretches to a maximum of 200 nautical miles from the coast.
Territorial waters, according to UNLCOS, extend to 12 nautical miles from a country’s coast. This is regarded as the sovereign territory of the state, although foreign ships (both military and civilian) are allowed “innocent passage.”
Turkey is not a signatory to UNCLOS and claims the whole of what it defines as its continental shelf as an EEZ. This, in effect, means it claims a maritime boundary far closer to Cyprus, and to Greek islands, than to its own coastline (see map, p5).
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