Middle East


Iran is at the epicenter of escalating tensions around the Strait of Hormuz amid its standoff with the US. Economic survival is the key priority of the government as US sanctions take a significant toll.

State of Play

The return of US sanctions has crushed Iran’s planned upstream opening, quashing any appetite from western IOCs. Tehran’s hopes for foreign investment now rest firmly with Russia and China, but even here it is enjoying little progress. Meanwhile, key buyers have halted importing Iranian crude and condensate in a blow to the government's efforts to avert economic catastrophe. Iran is struggling to maintain flows using clandestine methods.

2020 In Numbers
Crude Output 1.99 mn b/d
2018 Crude Output 3.58 mn b/d
Gas Output (2019) 244 bcm
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Iran Gas Balance: Net Exports Have Soared In Recent Years (bcm)

Iran Crude & Condensate Exports Have Recovered From 2020's Lows, And Tehran Is Hopeful Of Returning To 2.5mn b/d ('000 b/d)

Iran Crude Oil Production Rollercoaster (‘000 b/d): Output Has Overtaken Kuwait And Is Closing In On The UAE

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