Mr Bouteflika’s re-election came as no surprise, and predictability is also what the energy sector can expect over the course of the next five years, should the 77-year old complete his mandate.

Algeria has laid out measures to stem the decline in oil and gas output. The success of these efforts in changing a culture where year-long delays to key upstream projects are routine may prove key to the success or failure of President Bouteflika’s fourth term. (CONTINUED - 1038 WORDS)