Iraq and Qatar signed a number of preliminary energy-sector agreements on 15 June during the visit of Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani to Baghdad. A 16 June press release by Iraq’s oil ministry states these covered “crude oil, LNG supply, and the formation of a joint oil company” with another “pertaining building a refinery.” Ultimately, these are highly preliminary agreements which face an uphill struggle to be realized, but they do point to growing economic collaboration between the two states. Most notably, QatarEnergy took a 25% shareholding in TotalEnergies’ 600mn cfd Gas Growth Integrated Project (GGIP) back in April (MEES, 7 April). Baghdad and Doha also signed other agreements during the visit, pertaining real estate, healthcare, transport and political cooperation.