With 2021 drawing to a close, the GCC can look back on a year in which it successfully ended the Qatar embargo and returned to a semblance of unity. 2022 will hold more of the same as the six member states look to put on a show of unity, although behind the scenes competition is building.

This year saw Saudi Arabia host two GCC summits. The 41st summit was held in Al Ula in January and marked the end of the Qatar embargo, which had been in force since June 2017 and had defined the GCC ever since (MEES, 8 January). (CONTINUED - 862 WORDS)