Power Generation: Hydro & Oil Burning Dominate

Over two thirds of power generation in Sudan is from hydroelectricity, and almost all the remainder from burning oil: both diesel and heavy fuel oil.

The IEA’s Oil 2018 report, released last week, estimates that Sudan’s 990 MW of oil-fired generation capacity typically burns 1.08mn t/y (around 20,000 b/d) of liquid fuel. The key thermal plant is 500 MW Kosti, built by India’s Bharat Heavy Electricals, which came on line in 2016.

Hydroelectricity is generated from seven dams: Merowe, Roseires, Sinnar, Jebel Aulia, Khashm el-Girba, Burdana and Rumela.

Merowe, on the Nile 300km north of Khartoum, is the country’s largest with generation capacity of 1,250 MW and typical annual output of 6,000 GWh. Another mainstay is the 280 MW Roseires dam on the Blue Nile. Originally built in 1966, 2009-12 renovation was carried out by Germany’s Lahmeyer. The 320 MW Rumela plant came onstream in 2017 adding 13% to the country’s generation capacity. Rumela is part of the ambitious Upper Atbara and Setit dam complex, whose $1.5bn price tag is a massive sum for cash-strapped Sudan: close to double the country’s end-2016 international reserves. Over half of this, some $838mn, went on the Rumela dam construction contract, awarded to China Water and Electric. (CONTINUED - 298 WORDS)