Sudan is on the brink of “full-scale civil war,” warned United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres on 8 July. Widespread violence shows no signs of abating, with fierce fighting taking place across the country.

While the violence has not spilled over the border into South Sudan, which seceded from its northern neighbor 12 years ago on 9 July 2011, the conflict has serious implications for the country. South Sudan’s economy is dangerously dependent on oil, which accounts for 90% of government revenues according to the IMF. This is exported to global markets via a 1,600km, 250,000 b/d capacity pipeline to the Bashayer export terminal at Port Sudan. (CONTINUED - 954 WORDS)