Shell’s ‘Mountains’ and ‘Oceans’ scenarios offer “perspectives” on the global “resource landscape” as far ahead as 2100. This is far further than comparable publications from BP (2030) and ExxonMobil (2040), not to mention the IEA’s World Energy Outlook and OPEC’s World Oil Outlook (2035).

The defining feature of each of Shell’s scenarios is political rather than directly energy-related: ‘Mountains’ presents a world of centralized power and conservatism, ‘Oceans’ fragmented power and market-driven innovation. (CONTINUED - 1791 WORDS)